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From the Chairmen and Executive Editor - Issue 84https://www.dau.mil/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=7From the Chairmen and Executive Editor - Issue 842018-01-01T12:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg, https://www.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg<div class="ExternalClass71EC08DA9C904E039422E09761C11AA2"><img alt="" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="float:left;margin-left:3px;margin-right:3px;" />The theme for this edition of Defense Acquisition Research Journal is “From Concept to Execution.” The first article is “Promoting Disruptive Military Innovation: Best Practices for DoD Experimentation and Prototyping Programs.” The author, George M. Dougherty, analyzes six Department of Defense experimentation and prototyping programs, and also studies previous disruptive military innovations to develop recommendations on how best to accelerate new technologies from idea to fielded capability.<br> <br> Next, “Unmasking Cost Growth Behavior: A Longitudinal Study” by Cory N. D’Amico, Edward D. White, Jonathan D. Ritschel, and Scott J. Kozlak examines cost growth factors for 36 Department of Defense aircraft programs at five critical gateways in the program development, including Critical Design Review, Initial Operational Capability, and Full Operational Capability.<br> <br> The final article, “Mitigating Cognitive Biases in Risk Identification: Practitioner Checklist for the Aerospace Sector” by Debra Emmons, Thomas A. Mazzuchi, Shahram Sarkani, and Curtis E. Larsen examines historical data and uses subject matter expert judgment to develop a checklist for risk identification and evaluation, and offers strategies to reduce pervasive cognitive biases in these activities.<br> <br> The featured book in this issue’s Defense Acquisition Professional Reading List is America Inc.? Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State by Linda Weiss, as reviewed by Michael McMahon.<br> <br> The masthead has undergone another change from the last edition. Mike Kotzian has been replaced on the Editorial Board by William Conroy. We thank Mike for all his efforts, and welcome Bill aboard in his new role.</div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairmen-and-Executive-Editor---Issue-84
From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 83https://www.dau.mil/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=4From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 832017-09-01T12:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg, https://www.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg<div class="ExternalClass6123866E41934CCBA58DBC30ED3C87A1"><img alt="" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="float:left;margin:3px;" />The theme for this edition of Defense Acquisition Research Journal is “Assessing Success.” <br> The first article is “Estimating an Acquisition Program’s Likelihood of Staying Within Cost and Schedule Bounds.” The authors, Ryan Trudelle, Edward D. White, Clay Koschnick, Jonathan D. Ritschel, and Brandon Lucas, present an empirical procedure that determines which programmatic characteristics appear to predict the likelihood that programs will exceed certain cost and schedule overrun thresholds. The next article, “Assessing the Likelihood of Achieving Prototyping Benefits in Systems Acquisition” by Maroun Medlej, Steven M. F. Stuban, and Jason R. Dever, proposes an approach for assessing the probability of achieving the expected prototyping benefits, based on identifying and weighting the factors that produce those outcomes. <br> <br> Following this is the article by Scott S. Haraburda, “Supply Chain Management Maturity Level Assessment,” which examines the Supply Chain Management Maturity Model developed by Crane Army Ammunition Activity and suggests how other DoD organizations can use this model to determine the focus areas for initial and ongoing improvements. Finally, the online-only paper by Tim Clardy, Shahram Sarkani, and Thomas A. Mazzuchi, “Preferred Job Competencies of Engineering Leaders in DoD,” analyzes the job advertisements for DoD engineering leadership positions, and interprets the competencies preferred among the different employers in six dimensions. <br> The featured book in this issue’s Defense Acquisition Professional Reading List is Congress Buys a Navy: Politics, Economics, and the Rise of American Naval Power, 1881–1921 by Paul E. Pedisich, reviewed by Dr. Benjamin Franklin Cooling of the National Defense University.<br> Finally, I am pleased to take this opportunity to express my admiration for, and extend my appreciation to, the DAU Press staff, notably Norene Taylor, Emily Beliles, and Diane Fleischer, who are responsible for the Defense Acquisition Research Journal receiving the APEX 2017 Award for Publication Excellence in the category of “One-of-a-Kind Publications—Government.” This is the third year in a row that the Defense ARJ has been so recognized, which is a testament to their hard work and dedication.</div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairman-and-Executive-Editor---Issue-83
From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 82https://www.dau.mil/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=3From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 822017-06-28T12:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg, https://www.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg<div class="ExternalClassF228579D48E9462897F9A46C06EBA1A7"><img alt="" src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" style="float:left;width:148px;height:183px;" />The theme for this edition of Defense Acquisition Research Journal is “Using Past Trends to Predict Future Acquisition Outcomes.” The first article is “Analyzing Cost Growth at Program Stages for DoD Aircraft” by Scott J. Kozlak et al. They analyzed 30 military aircraft programs to determine when cost growth occurred during the acquisition and development cycle, and developed some unique and useful insights that future programs can use for prediction. The next article by Sean Lavelle, “Estimating Firm-Anticipated Defense Acquisition Costs with a Value-Maximizing Framework,” uses a value-maximizing framework to predict how firms will bid under varying levels of risk sharing, allowing the government to estimate future costs more accurately.<br> <br> Following this is “Informing Policy through Quantification of the Intellectual Property Lock-in Associated with DoD Acquisition,” by Christopher Berardi, Bruce Cameron, and Ed Crawley, which quantitatively analyzes intellectual property lock-in trends in DoD acquisition and their correlation to internal research and development funding. Then, Felix K. Chang, Christopher J. Dente, and<br> Eric A. Elster, in “The Impact of a Big Data Decision Support Tool on Military Logistics: Medical Analytics Meets the Mission,” describe a combat simulation tool that showed how to reduce the logistical footprint for blood resupply in a military theatre of operations.<br> <br> This issue has two online-only papers. First, “Beyond Integration Readiness Level (IRL): A Multidimensional Framework to Facilitate the Integration of System of Systems” by Clarence Eder, Thomas A. Mazzuchi, and Shahram Sarkani, looks at expand-ing the current acquisition practice of characterizing systems by their Technology Readiness Level (TRLs) by using the concept of Integration Readiness Level (IRLs) to address growing inte-gration challenges of System-of-Systems acquisition programs. The second, by Elizabeth Mezzacappa and her co-authors, is titled “Effectiveness Testing and Evaluation of Non-lethal Weapons in Crowd Scenarios: Metrics, Measures, and Design of Experiments.” As the name implies, it discusses test and evaluation methods for benchmarking and comparison of non-lethal weapons intended for use in crowd management situations, the results of which can be used for Analysis of Alternatives and trade-space studies. The featured book in this issue’s Defense Acquisition Professional Reading List is Destructive Creation; American Business and the Winning of World War II by Mark R. Wilson, reviewed by Dr. Benjamin Franklin Cooling of the National Defense University.<br> <br> Finally, there are several changes to the Defense ARJ masthead. Sharp-eyed readers will have noticed over the past year that the Research Advisory Board, which had been established to review and provide direction for the research agenda and publications, had been steadily diminishing in size as many of the Board mem-bers departed their senior-level positions during the last year of the previous administration. At the same time, the responsibilities for providing direction to defense acquisition research has been increasingly borne by the Editorial Board, whose makeup is now two-thirds non-Defense Acquisition University members (including international representation). This Editorial Board arrangement now brings the same type of outside experience and perspectives as did the Research Advisory Board. This has led us to disestablish the Research Advisory Board, with its former functions now subsumed by the Editorial Board.Dr. Mary Redshaw, the last “surviving” member of the Research Advisory Board, has now joined the Editorial Board. Dr. Yvette Rodriguez has also joined, while Dr. Andre Murphy has departed. We thank the former members for their service, and welcome the new ones to continue the strong tradition of advancing the state of knowledge in the defense acquisition community.</div>string;#/library/arj/blog/From-the-Chairman-and-Executive-Editor---Issue-82
From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 81https://www.dau.mil/library/arj/Lists/Blog/DispForm.aspx?ID=1From the Chairman and Executive Editor - Issue 812017-04-19T04:00:00Zhttps://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg, https://www.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg https://wwwad.dauext.dau.mil/library/arj/PublishingImages/arj-79-ferreiro-lead.jpg<div class="ExternalClass361262791CC04B6E825409431AB55E32"><p><img src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/larrie.jpg" alt="" style="float:left;width:148px;height:183px;margin-left:5px;margin-right:5px;" />The theme for this edition of Defense Acquisition Research Journal is “Harnessing Innovative Procedures under an Administration in Transition.” Fiscal Year 2017 will see many changes, not only in a new administration, but also under the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). Under this NDAA, by February 2018 the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD[AT&L]) office will be disestablished, and its duties divided between two separate offices. The first office, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (USD[R&E]), will carry out the mission of defense technological innovation. The second office, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment (USD[A&S]), will ensure that sustainment issues are integrated during the acquisition process. The articles in this issue show some of the innovative ways that acquisition can be tailored to these new paradigms. The first article is “Using Analytical Hierarchy and Analytical Network Processes to Create Cyber Security Metrics” by George C. Wilamowski, Jason R. Dever, and Steven M. F. Stuban. It was the recipient (from among strong competition) of the DAU Alumni Association (DAUAA) 2017 Edward Hirsch Acquisition and Writing Award, given annually for research papers that best meet the criteria of significance, impact, and readability. The authors discuss cybersecurity controls and a use case involving decision theory to develop a benchmarking framework that identifies key performance drivers in local area network, wide area network, and remote user communities. Next, the updated and corrected article by Shelley M. Cazares, “The Threat Detection System That Cried Wolf: Reconciling Developers with Operators,” points out that some threat detection systems that perform well in testing can generate many false alarms (“cry wolf”) in operation. One way to mitigate this problem may be to use these<br> systems as part of a tiered system that, overall, exhibits better performance than each individual system alone. The next article, “Army Aviation: Quantifying the Peacetime and Wartime Maintenance Man-Hour Gaps” by William Bland, Donald L. Washabaugh Jr., and Mel Adams, describes the development of a Maintenance Man- Hour Gap Calculator tool that confirmed and quantified a large, persistent gap in Army aviation maintenance. Following this is “Complex Acquisition Requirements Analysis Using a Systems Engineering Approach” by Richard M. Stuckey, Shahram Sarkani, and Thomas A. Mazzuchi. The authors examine prioritized requirement attributes to account for program complexities, and provide a guide to establishing effective requirements needed for informed<br> trade-off decisions. The results indicate that the key attribute for unconstrained systems is "achievable." Then, Gregory E. Brown and Edward D. White, in their article “An Investigation of Nonparametric Data Mining Techniques for Acquisition Cost Estimating,” use a meta-analysis to argue that nonparametric data mining techniques may improve the accuracy of future DoD cost estimates. The online-only article, “Critical Success Factors for Crowdsourcing with Virtual Environments to Unlock Innovation” by Glenn E. Romanczuk, Christopher Willy, and John E. Bischoff, explains how to use virtual environments to crowdsource systems design using warfighters and the engineering staff to decrease the cycle time required to produce advanced innovative systems tailored to meet warfighter needs.<br> <br> This issue inaugurates a new addition to the Defense Acquisition Research Journal, “New Research in Defense Acquisition.” Here, we bring to the attention of the defense acquisition community a selection of current research that may prove of further interest. These selections are curated by the DAU Research Center and the<br> Knowledge Repository, and in these pages we provide the summaries and links that will allow interested readers to access the full works. The featured book in this issue’s Defense Acquisition Professional Reading List is Getting Defense Acquisition Right by former Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Frank Kendall.<br> <br> Finally, the entire production and publishing staff of the Defense ARJ now bids a fond farewell to Diane Fleischer, who has been our Graphic Specialist/Lead Designer for this journal since our January 2012 Issue 61, Vol. 19 No. 1. She has also been with the DAU Press for more than 5 years, and has been instrumental in the Defense ARJ team winning two APEX awards for One-of-a-Kind Publications— Government in both 2015 and 2016. Diane is retiring, and she and her family are relocating to Greenville, South Carolina. Diane, we all wish you “fair winds and following seas.”</p> <hr /> <p><strong><img src="/library/arj/PublishingImages/diane.jpg" alt="" style="width:102px;height:141px;float:left;margin:0px 5px;" />Biography</strong><br> Ms. Diane Fleischer has been employed as a Visual Information Specialist in graphic design at the Defense Acquisition University (DAU) since<br> November 2011. Prior to her arrival at DAU as a contractor with the Schatz Publishing Group, she worked in a wide variety of commercial graphic<br> positions, both print and web-based. Diane’s graphic arts experience spans more than 38 years, and she holds a BA in Fine Arts from Asbury University in Wilmore, Kentucky.</p></div>string;#/library/arj/blog/The-Graduate-School-of-Business-and-Public-Policy